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Introduction to the gut microbiome

BY Added Health Editorial Team | 12 December 2022

The gut microbiome refers to the trillions of bacteria and other microbes which occur naturally in our digestive tract and intestines. It is now known that our microbiome plays a vital role in human health by supporting digestion, the maintenance of a healthy immune system and many other facets of our wellbeing.

The latest research shows that some bacteria reduce inflammation as well as lower lipid and blood glucose levels after a meal – all of these factors can help prevent disease. Eating a diverse diet rich in plant-based foods and low in processed produce can help us keep our microbiome healthy and our bodies in better overall health.

Take home message from Added Health

The importance of the microbiome in our overall health should not be underestimated. In addition to our physical health, it has also been linked to aspects of our mental wellbeing too. Feed it wisely.


Vijay, A. and Valdes, A.M., 2022. Role of the gut microbiome in chronic diseases: A narrative review. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition76(4), pp.489-501. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-021-00991-6

Singh, R.K., Chang, H.W., Yan, D.I., Lee, K.M., Ucmak, D., Wong, K., Abrouk, M., Farahnik, B., Nakamura, M., Zhu, T.H. and Bhutani, T., 2017. Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health. Journal of Translational Medicine15(1), pp.1-17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-017-1175-y